The Soviet Union and the conventional threat to South Africa

a strategic analysis by Christopher B. McEwan

Publisher: South African Institute of International Affairs in Johannesburg

Written in English
Published: Pages: 32 Downloads: 582
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  • South Africa,
  • Soviet Union,
  • Africa


  • Soviet Union. Voenno-Morskoĭ Flot.,
  • South Africa -- Defenses.,
  • Soviet Union -- Military policy.,
  • Africa -- Politics and government -- 1960-

Edition Notes

Statementby Christopher B. McEwan.
LC ClassificationsUA856 .M3
The Physical Object
Pagination32 p. :
Number of Pages32
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL4594150M
ISBN 10090923924X
LC Control Number77356549

During the Cold War, the European allies of the United States were overwhelmingly focused on the strategic threat posed by the Soviet Union. When it came to the Middle East, the European powers.   From the former Soviet republics and the buffer countries of Central and Eastern Europe to Latin America, sub-Saharan Africa, and the Far East, the fall of the Soviet Union . US History Chapter 22 and STUDY. PLAY. MASSIVE RETALIATION (threat of nuclear war against communism, cut military spending from $50b to $30b by reducing army size and increasing the nuclear arsenal from 1, to 18, bombs) and BRINKMANSHIP (policy of pushing a situation to the limit to the opponent backs down) the Soviet Union.   The Cold War rivalry between the United States and the Soviet Union lasted for decades and resulted in anti-communist suspicions and international incidents that .

In February , London’s Calvert 22 will be reopening following renovation and launching a new seasonal programme: Red Africa. Red Africa (running from 4 February – 3 April ) will explore the legacy of the cultural exchanges between Africa, the Soviet Union .   The US and the USSR didn't just come to odds after WW2. Tensions between the Soviet Union and the Western, capitalist states went back long before WW2 - for instance, the US didn't officially recognize the Soviet Union until , many years afte.   President Trump claimed the Soviet Union went to war in to battle terrorists. But a newly published cable underscores Moscow’s fear that Afghanistan would switch loyalties to the West. The Sino-Soviet Border Conflict Deterrence, Escalation, and the Threat of Nuclear War in boundary line between China and the Soviet Union by the Treaty of Peking, became an issue of contention. According to Beijing, ownership of the river islands to be a looming Soviet threat. By initiating a limited attack, flexing some File Size: 1MB.

  Soviet-era Dissident Vladimir Bukovsky speaks at an opposition meeting in Moscow, 17 December Bukovsky is a potential united oppostion candidate for president in . The words "Business Insider". China could be a far more formidable US rival than the Soviet Union ever was The US countered the Soviet Union by offsetting their conventional military might.

The Soviet Union and the conventional threat to South Africa by Christopher B. McEwan Download PDF EPUB FB2

Add tags for "The Soviet Union and the conventional threat to South Africa: a strategic analysis". Be the first. "The first part of the paper, as its title suggests, deals with possible motives for Soviet action in Southern Africa, providing the framework in which the Soviet threat to South Africa may be assessed.

The second deals with what is probably the best evidence of Soviet imperial ambitions - the expaAuthor: Christopher B.

McEwan. The book focuses on states experiencing violent internal conflict and foreign intervention, that is Angola, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa and Zimbabwe.

The author provides an unique history of the key part that the Soviet Union played in these by: States like Angola could no longer count on the Soviet Union and Cuba for support, and consequently could not pose a real conventional military threat to South Africa.

At the same time, Pretoria. A superb and inspiring book showing through exhaustive research how Cuba (through its troops) and the Soviet Union (through the supply of weapons) helped to defeat South African forces (supported by the United States and the United Kingdom) in Angola and thereby hasten the end of the apartheid regime in South by: In Absolute War, acclaimed historian and journalist Chris Bellamy crafts the first full account since the fall of the Soviet Union of World War II's battle on the Eastern Front, one of the deadliest conflicts in history.

The conflict on the Eastern Front, fought between the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany between andwas the greatest, most costly, and most brutal conflict on land in Cited by:   The Lessings were not, in fact, currently despised for their allegiance to the Soviet Union.

AfterRussia was seen as a heroic nation, helping to protect the western allies against Hitler Author: Lara Feigel. The Christian Science Monitor is an international news organization that delivers thoughtful, global coverage via its website, weekly magazine, online daily edition, and email newsletters.

I strongly recommend that all non-South Africans and all South Africans who were not mature enough during the '70's to '90's, to read this book in the format of Conclusion first. Thank you Andrea for providing factual references for many of my by:   States like Angola could no longer count on the Soviet Union and Cuba for support, and consequently could not pose a real conventional military threat to South Africa.

South Africa Belarus Considering previous Soviet threats to utilize conventional weapons against France and the United Kingdom, U.S. forces believed these events could trigger a NATO nuclear strike against the Soviet Union.

In fact, all reports of Soviet action turned out to be erroneous, misinterpreted, or exaggerated. Probably more importantly, the Cuban, Soviet, and general Marxist-Leninist threat to South Africa was gone by the time that South African President F.

Author: Thomas E. Ricks. The Collapse of the Soviet Union. Conventional wisdom holds that the U.S. intelligence community failed to predict the Soviet Union’s demise inpresaged as it.

Nuclear Arms Race. Though the United States and the Soviet Union were tentative allies during World War II, their alliance soured after Nazi Germany. Most importantly, the threat that France, Britain and the United States would launch strategic nuclear strikes on the Soviet Union in response to a successful conventional.

The Soviet Union invaded Hungary in and Czechoslovakia in They were invited by the Afghan government in Now Hungary was technically an occupied country since they were allied with the Nazis barely 10 years before the Soviet interv. South Africa South Korea Leaders of American foreign policy remain convinced that the Soviet Union was a hostile threat to American values.

The United States and the Soviet Union engaged in a conventional and nuclear arms race that persisted until the collapse of the Soviet Embassy, Washington, D.C.: United. Non-Soviet Un 11, Soviet Union 6, Non-U.S.

5, U.S. 1, 2, Non-Soviet Union 4, 4, Soviet Union 3, Non-U.S. U.S. Main Battle Tanks Combat Aircraft FIGURE 3 Select NATO Ground Military Personnel Present in Central/Northern Europe, –U.S.

forces Europe Belgium. The definitive history of the Cold War and its impact around the world We tend to think of the Cold War as a bounded conflict: a clash of two superpowers, the United States and the Soviet Union, born out of the ashes of World War II and coming to a dramatic end with the collapse of the Soviet by:   So, this Cold War was fought behind the threat of a nuclear war.

The Cuban Missile Crisis () was probably the closest that the world got to a full-blown conventional war. The Cold War was a period of increased hostility between two blocs of power, the USA and its allies on the one hand; and the USSR and China, on the other. The activism of the Soviet Union in the Third World during the s mystified contemporary observers.

It was especially difficult to determine Moscow’s foreign policy aims in the Horn of Africa, a narrowly defined geographic area in the continent’s northeast, during the years of the bitter and continuous conflict between Ethiopia and Somalia.

Inthe Soviet Union apparently became sufficiently alarmed at the progress of the South African nuclear program to discuss it with the United States. Deiter Gerhardt, a German national living in South Africa who spied for the Soviet Union, recalled that Soviet officials asked for U.S.

cooperation in. By reconfiguring Soviet foreign policy, championing conventional as well as strategic reductions in arms, and retrenching from regional conflicts, Gorbachev hoped to find the time and space to integrate the Soviet Union into a new world order and a common European home that would comport with Soviet economic needs and security imperatives.

tags: books, book review, cold war, soviet union, USSR, Africa, international. The Hot ‘Cold War’: The USSR in Southern Africa. by Vladimir Shubin. London: Pluto Press,pages.

The conventional wisdom in the North Atlantic community nowadays is that the Cold War confrontation between the US and USSR was a disaster for an Africa. The Cold War was a period of geopolitical tension between the Soviet Union and the United States and their respective allies, the Eastern Bloc and the Western Bloc, after World War period is generally considered to span the Truman Doctrine to the dissolution of the Soviet term "cold" is used because there was no large-scale fighting directly between the two.

More than likely the biggest effect was that South Africa’s neighbours and closest opponents such as Angola were no longer supported by a generous benefactor as they were with the Soviet Union. Perhaps they could afford to relax their threat level.

The Battle of Cuito Cuanavale ( – ) in South West Africa is airbrushed out of the conventional history books and mainstream media. Yet, the conflict was Africa’s greatest clash of arms since the Battle of El Alamein took place during World War II in October 23 – 11 November South Africa and the Soviet Union: Soviet interpretations of the South African problem and apartheid derive from the Comintern and subsequent scholarly work on South Africa undertaken in that country.

The manner in which the Comintern construed the political economy of South Africa has its roots in the second congress of the Comintern ( When the Soviet Union offers agricultural assistance to a developing country these days, it is viewed as ``more of a threat than anything else,'' a European diplomat : Gary Thatcher.

The destruction of the Soviet Union by military force, the permanent elimination of the perceived Communist threat to Germany, and the seizure of prime land within Soviet borders for long-term German settlement had been core policy of the Nazi movement since the s. The Soviet Union had was at the time one of the largest, most advanced conventional militaries in world history, proxies around the globe, and a.

Marvin Kalb discusses U.S. perceptions of China as reflected by current policy and by rhetoric from the Republican and Democratic parties. Kalb argues that while China and the Author: Marvin Kalb.

InBenin and Zambia became the first former dictatorships to hold multiparty elections after the fall of the Soviet Union. In both countries, the opposition beat the incumbents.

InSouth Africa replaced apartheid with majority rule, and soon after that, Nelson Mandela was elected : Nic Cheeseman, Jeffrey Smith.